In accordance with the Poisonous and Deleterious Substances Control Law-Poisonous Substance (PDSCL), poisonous substances refer to substances regulated and released by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW). Based on their hazards to human health, regulated substances under PDSCL are divided into three categories: poisonous substances, deleterious substances and specified poisonous substances. Specified poisonous substances are listed in Annex 3 of PDSCL. Because of their higher toxicity and risk to users, specified poisonous substances are under stricter management.
► Specified poisonous substances are subject to seven obligations in the following:
1) A license shall be applied in advance when manufacturing, importing or using specified poisonous substances for academic research purpose.
2) Individuals allowed to use specified poisonous substances and their uses are regulated under PDSCL.
3) It is prohibited for individuals other than operators of poisonous and deleterious substances, researchers and users of specific poisonous substances to possess such specific poisonous substances. In addition, designated poisonous substances shall not be given to anyone else.
4) Necessary measures shall be taken to prevent theft, loss and leakage, etc. of specified poisonous substances. In addition, containers of food and drink that contain specific poisonous substances are prohibited.
5) Poisonous and deleterious substances must be marked as non-medicinal poisonous substances and non-medicinal deleterious substances on containers, packaging, storage, and display.
6) The transportation,storage or other operation of poisonous and deleterious substances shall comply with technical standards. 7) In the event of an accident such as leakage, the public health center, fire department or police station must be notified immediately, and necessary emergency measures must be taken. In addition, in the event of theft or loss, the police must be notified immediately.
► Chemical substances that are classified as specified poisonous substances are not subject to the relevant obligations.
Regulations and standards
► Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW)
- Non-preparation for specified poisonous chemicals contained in instruments, equipment, and tools.
- Waste fluids and wastes containing specified poisonous chemicals that have lost their social utility and value.
- Articles containing specified poisonous chemicals as impurities (non-intentionally added substances: including raw materials not reacted, by-products, etc.)
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